CEO, Dinesh Tamang*
Nepal has been always on the top list for trekking and adventure holidays. Despite of being a small country in it’s’ area, Nepal has huge diversity in nature, culture and geography. Many travelers might not know that ‘Why they should visit Nepal at least once before they die’. Today I am about to describe why you should visit Nepal at least once in life time. Following are reasons:
1. The Giant Himalayas Nepal has unnumbered 6000 and 7000 meter peaks.
Some of those 7000 meters are popular to climb like Island Peak, Mera Peak, Dhampus Peak, Chulu East peak etc. And Nepal Eight 8000m mountains of 14 in this planet including highest mountain in the world.
2) Various geographical structures:
The Geographical structure of Nepal is quite surprising that you can find 60 meter from the sea level to 8848 meter within a short distance coverage. Nepal has tremendous geographic diversity. It rises from as low as 60 meters elevation in the tropical Terai—the northern rim of the Gangetic Plain, beyond the perpetual snow line to some 90 peaks over 7,000 meters including Earth’s highest 8,848 meters (29,029 ft)-the Mount Everest or Sagarmatha. In addition to the continuum from tropical warmth to cold comparable to Polar Regions, average annual precipitation varies from as little as 160 millimeters (6.3 in) in the rain shadow north of the Himalaya to as much as 5,500 millimeters (216.5 in) on windward slopes.
3) Nepal holds several unbreakable world records:-
a) The highest lake on Earth (Tilicho Lake 4949 meters):
Tilicho lake is one of the highest lakes in the world. It is 4,919 m high in the Annapurna range of the Himalayas in Manang district of Nepal. Tilicho Lake is located in the route of popular trekking destination, Annapurna circuit. It was also the site of one of the highest ever altitude scuba dives. A Russian diving team consisting of Andrei Andryushin, Denis Bakin and Maxim Gresko conducted a scuba dive in the lake in 2000.
b) The deepest lake on earth (145 meters, Shey Phoksundo Lake):
Phoksundo Lake is an alpine fresh water oligotrophic lake in Nepal’s Shey Phoksundo National Park, located at an altitude of 3,611 meter. This lake has 494 ha (1.91 sq mi) in size with a water volume of 409,000,000 m3 (1.44×1010 cu ft) and a discharge of 3.715 m3/s (131.2 cu ft/s). So lake is termed as deepest glacial lake in the world. Dolpo Classic Trek will allow you the witness the deepest lake on earth.
c) The highest mountain on earth i.e. Mount Everest (8848 meter):
Mount Everest, also known in Nepal as Sagarmāthā and as Chomolungma in Tibet. It is the highest mountain on this planet. It is located in the Mahalangur section of the Himalayas. Its peak is 8,848 meters (29,029 ft) above sea level Everest is located international border between China and Nepal.
d) The deepest gorge in the world i.e. Kaligandaki gorge:
Kali Gandaki Gorge or Andha Galchi is which measures as the deepest gorge in the world, being 5,571 m lower than Annapurna I which bounds it at one point. Gorge depth is difficult to define due to disagreement over rim height so this claim is disputed. Annapurna Circuit Trek will bring you the deepest gorge in the world Kaligandaki.
e) The Highest Valley on earth i.e. Arun Valley: The Arun is the largest trans-Himalayan river passing through Nepal and also has the greatest snow and ice covered area of any Nepalese river basin. The river leaves the Tibet region at a height of about 3,500 meters and crosses the main Himalayan ranges.
f) Only one place on earth where has seven World Heritage cultural sites within a radius of 15 km i.e. Kathmandu Valley:
The capital city of Nepal, Kathmandu is also knows as city of temples where unnumbered temples. Kathmandu holds has at least 130 important monuments, including several pilgrimage sites for Hindus and Buddhists. There are seven UNESCO World Heritage Sites within this valley. Those seven world heritage sites are: i) Kathmandu Durbar Square, ii) Patan Durbar Square. iii) Bhaktapur Durbar Square, iv) Swayambhunath Stupa, v) Boudhanath Stupa, vi) Pashupatinath Temple and vii) Changu Narayan Temple.
4) The Birthplace of Lord Buddha (Sidartha Gautam)
Lumbini is a Buddhist pilgrimage site of Nepal located in Rupandehi district. It is the place where Queen Mayadevi gave birth to the ‘light of asia’ Siddhartha Gautama (Gautam Buddha). Siddhartha Gautama lived roughly between 623 and 543 BCE and he founded Buddhism as Gautama Buddha. Lumbini, where the Buddha lived until the age of 29, has a number of temples, including the Mayadevi temple, and others under construction.
5) Wide ranges of trekking destinations Nepal has many beautiful nature and cultural trekking destinations. There are many trekking destinations in Nepal such as Everest, Annapurna, Langtang, Mustang, Kanchenjunga, Makalu, Dolpo, Far west of Nepal and recently opened combined trekking trail Great Himalaya Trail. Trekking destination in Nepal are selected as the best trekking places in the world. In Lonely Planet Everest Base Camp has been voted as fourth top trekking destination out of ten in the world. Similarly, the Himalayan ranges of Nepal have chosen as no. 1 places to Nepal in your lifetime. Similarly National Geographic has selected Nepal as world best 15 hikes. Also Dailymail from UK wrote an article ‘Mountain magic! The six best trekking routes around the world, from Everest to the Bungle Bungles and beyond’ where trek to Everest Base camp has been highlighted.
6) Nepal has Nepal 10 World Heritage Sites
Because of its unique and rare features 10 sites have been registered as world heritage sites. Even the small mountain kingdom of Nepal is blessed with such astonishing and unique sites that within the area of 140,800 sq km Nepal holds a considerably high number of places recognized by UNESCO (United Nations Educational Scientific Cultural Organisation) as World Heritage Sites’. There are altogether ten World Heritage Sites in Nepal, seven of which are in Kathmandu itself. The list includes both natural as well as cultural sites.
7) Amazing & friendly people and culture
Nepal has more than 100 different castes, ethnic groups and have over 125 different spoken languages. There are three main ethnicities: Khas, Mongoloid and mixed. Khas : Bahun, Chhetri, Damai, Kami etc. Mongoloid consists of Tamang, Gurung, Magar, Sherpa, Thakali and Kirat (e.g., Rai, Limbu, Sunuwar) and mixed solely consists of Newar people. Khas origin represents 40% of the population, Mongoloids and mix represents 50%, who consists of mainly Newar castes and these days any caste marries to each other and forming the third group known as Mixed People of both Khas and Mongoloid Origin. The rest 10% includes recent immigrants from India.
8) Diversified nature Wildlife diversity is a notable feature of Nepal.
Nepal has variance in climate, from tropical to arctic, a large variety of plants and animals. Wildlife tourism is also a major source of tourism in Nepal. There are many endangered animal like Red Panda, spiny babbler, Musk deer etc. The wildlife of Nepal includes its flora and fauna. There are many national parks and conversation areas in Nepal s National Parks in order to protect its diverse fauna. Chitwan National Park, Rara National Park, Langtang National Park, Sagarmath National park are most popular national park for travelers. Chitwan National Park and Sagarmath National park are the world natural heritage sites where top of the world Mount Everest. Those following trekking and tour packages will escort you to the various national park in order to see diversified flora and fauna: Langtang Valley Trek, Tamang Heritage Trail Trek, Gosainkunda and Helambu Trek, Everest Everest Trek, Makalu Base Camp Trek, Dhaulagiri Trek, Round Annapurna, Mustang Trek, Glimpses of Nepal Tour, Chitwan Pokhara Tour, Bardia Wildlife Experience etc.
9) The place of various adventure activities
As on landlocked and Himalayan kingdom, there are various outdoor adventures activities in Nepal. Mountaineering, Trekking, Rock Climbing, rafting, canoying, kayaking, jungle safari, hunting, paragliding, zip flying, mountain flight, ultra light flight, mountain biking, boating, fishing, bungy jump, high ropes are the adventure activities you can do in Nepal.
10) Rich culture and various religious and cultural festivals and occasion
Rich and dense cultures and traditions made Nepal differ from other countries. Nepal offers wide ranges of trekking destinations and different adventures. Nepal has more than 100 different castes and ethnic groups and have over 125 different spoken languages and all different communities have own tradition. Those different community and cultured people believe in their own religion, culture and their living style. That’s why it became possible to know Kathmandu as ‘CITY OF TEMPLES’. Because of rich culture and traditions we have right world cultural heritages in Nepal. All community has own festivals, different calendar and many festivals. Please click here to learn more about festivals in Nepal. Mainly Dashian Festival, Tihar, Mani Rimdu Festival, Tiji Festival, Sagadawa Festival are renowned festival where even foreigners can join, enjoy and experience it.
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*Author is the Found and CEO of Trekking Experts.